How to identify if the job offer is real or a scam?
You are looking for a job... But suddenly, the offer that sounded perfect starts to sound very suspicious... Think twice, because it could be a scam to steal money or even to suffer labor exploitation.
When do we talk about fraudulent hiring?
When a recruiter demands from the job seeker the payment of a fee or the delivery of identity documents in exchange for a job opportunity or a job that does not exist or the conditions are not clear.
-Recruitment fraud occurs when a recruiter requires a job seeker to pay a fee or provide identity documents in exchange for a work visa for a job that does not exist or is false.
-It is worth mentioning that there are different ways in which recruiters mislead job seekers, such as offering more favorable employment conditions than what turns out to be insufficient or even inhumane work.
We can say that a job is false when:
- The recruiter does not provide a valid employment contract for the worker (see the conditions of the Labor Code of each country).
- If the recruiter demands a payment to connect a worker with a company or employer.
- If the job is offered in a company that does not have a certification that can be verified (lacks registration).
How does recruitment fraud work?
- They collect money from potential workers before they stop responding and disappear:
Many recruiters keep in contact with job seekers and trick them to pay "recruitment fees". However, once they have collected payment of these fees, recruiters often disappear and stop responding to any communication. To cover their tracks, recruiters have been known to use false names, disconnect their phones and flee to other parts of the country.
- They demand payment of fees:
In many cases of fraud recruiters or agencies demand multiple payments without notice. After making an initial payment, recruiters charge additional fees for supposedly paying for medical services or insurance, sometimes forcing people to travel long distances to complete these transactions. Despite making these payments, job seekers do not have a better chance of getting to work abroad.
- They call community meetings to attract many people and talk about employment opportunities:
Many of the highest impact cases occur when a fake recruiter sets up meetings to attract dozens, if not hundreds of people, in certain communities. These "job fairs" include presentations of supposed overseas employment opportunities and recruiters generally steal a lot of money from large groups of people using fake documents. In small communities, this devastating strategy can mean that nearly all residents lose significant financial resources.
-Promising to process tourist or "open" visas:
Some recruiters have defrauded job seekers by offering them tourist visas, or in some cases, non-existent "open" visas. Migrant workers cannot work under a tourist visa. Similarly, some governments do not issue "open" work visas that allow workers to choose their own employer or to remain in the country doing unskilled work for more than one year.
Remember, you can obtain the work visa on your own, without the need for a third party. Remember to get information through the official accounts of the governmental institutions in charge of immigration procedures.
If something doesn't look right with the offer, investigate and report it. Your report can help other people.